You need water not only to hydrate but to cook and bathe with as well, so your contact with the liquid on a daily basis in inevitable. However, this does not mean that you have to settle for any quality water as it is important for the water you use and drink to be free of impurities as much as possible. Otherwise, an array of issues emerge, ranging from infections which are hard to get rid of to serious health diseases like cancer, depending on what type of contaminants you are dealing with. When you procure the water you use and drink from the well, the situation is even worse as the water is not passed through the purification system put in place by the municipality in your area. Thus, you have to completely take matters into your own hands to ensure you will not use water which might ultimately harm you, a situation that can be fixed with the right filtration system in check.
- Top 3 Whole House Water Filters for Well Water Comparison
- Well Water Filters Evaluation
- Aquasana Rhino 500,000 Gallon
- Pelican PSE1800-PUV-7
- Crystal Quest Eagle 4000
- The Dangers Lurking in Well
- Buying Guide for Finding Your Filter
- Common Mistakes in Choosing a Water Treatment System
- Frequently Asked Questions
- 1. What is the difference between a regular systems and a well water specialized system?
- 2. What happens when the filter reaches its maximum filtering capacity?
- 3. What does the flow rate specification stand for?
- 4. Where should I install it given that the system is designed for well water?
- 5. How does the presence of sterilizing technology impact the system’s performance?
Top 3 Whole House Water Filters for Well Water Comparison
Well Water Filters Evaluation
Well water is more polluted than tap water because it comes right from the ground without going through the municipality’s purification stages. This increases the amounts of dangerous impurities that remain in the water and threaten your health. As such, you need to rely on a more powerful water filter that can deal with the unpleasant smell of the water, the bacteria and viruses that lurk in it, and the harsh minerals. Your best option is a water filter paired with a salt-free softener and a powerful UV light that ensure a complete and thorough filtration of the water. Without further ado, let’s have a look at the top 3 products available on the market that promise to purify your water.
Aquasana Rhino 500,000 Gallon
This water filter from the reliable brand Aquasana is specially designed to remove the impurities found in well water. The filter itself includes the sterilizing UV light system but it can be completed with a salt-free softener that provides the cleanest and safest water. The entire pack costs around $3,000 but we can assure you that the investment will be worth it.
The Rhino 500,000 gallon filter is larger than most of the products available on the market because it consists of no less than 5 components installed in line. This is due to the smart and innovative up-flow design that maximizes the amount of water that goes through all the media. However, the multiple components don’t affect the water flow so that you will enjoy the same water pressure. It’s also a quite bulky and heavy filter that weighs 80 lbs, which is about two times heavier than other filters. The two main tanks are available in blue, with the large Aquasana logo on them.
The quality of the Aquasana Rhino filter is renowned and strengthened by its specifications. It can filter around 500,000 gallons of water throughout its 5-year lifespan and you need to keep in mind that its filters need to be replaced either every 3 months or once per year for the filter to work properly and to yield as expected. If you want to enjoy ease of maintenance, you can opt for the Pro Grade installation kit that includes fittings and valves that help you install and replace filter cartridges with more ease. For this filter to operate smoothly, you must ensure a maximum pressure of 100 PSI and you need to make sure the water temperature doesn’t exceed 90 degrees F. Once installed, it will deliver a flow rate of 7gallons/minute.
As for its filtering abilities, it provides unmatched performance. It’s very important to look for a filter that has a pre-filter installed so that the large sediments will remain stuck in this media and will not go into the other more pretentious cartridges. Also, a post filter completes the process by retaining even the last and smallest particles. Although the Aquasana 500,000 consists of only two main filtering tanks, the water goes through 6 filtration stages that include the pre-filter for sediments, the salt-free softener that removes minerals, the copper-zinc and mineral stone filter that removes chlorine, heavy metals and bacteria, the activated carbon filter that reduces herbicides and pesticides, the sub-micron filter for very small particles, and the UV sterilization light. All these stages ensure a 97% chlorine reduction and unsurpassed water filtration. Therefore, you can trust this water filter to deliver clean water not only for drinking but also for cooking, bathing, and for the household appliances that use water. Since chlorine will be removed from your water, you will breathe easier and there will be fewer gas emissions into the air.
This water filter relies on the most advanced technologies that guarantee the best results, like the NAC salt-free technology that eliminates scale buildup and protects your skin, hair, and appliances from the effects of hard water. Given that no salt is used in the process, the taste and color of the water are not altered while the bad minerals are being removed. Moreover, it uses the UV Sterilight system that kills 99.99% of the chlorine-resistant bacteria, germs, and cysts that can cause severe health problems. If you are worried about the durability of this water filter and how the manufacturer stands behind it, we can tell you that Aquasana provides a 5-year warranty for the filter and salt-free softener and UV light. Also, you can test it for 90 days and get your money back in case it doesn’t yield as expected.
The second best water filter that can successfully handle well water impurities comes from Pelican and is actually a combination of two effective systems that provide a complete water purification. Pelican PSE1800 is a great whole house water filtering system with a proven efficiency in removing 100% of the chlorine and contaminants found in water. The filter with softener and UV is available for the price of $2,662.
If you are planning to install this filter, you won’t need as much space as for the previous one because it’s more compact, consisting of only two stainless steel tanks and a small UV filter. This is a more compact and lightweight unit that is as easy to setup and install as it is to maintain. The entire unit measures 27”x 50”x 18” and weighs only 32 lbs, making installation much easier. Both the filter tank and the softener are made of stainless steel which is more durable and not prone to rusting, given it will always sit near water.
When it comes to filtering well water, the filter you choose must come with some features that maximize its efficiency in dealing with uncommon contaminants that are very resistant. Pelican manages to keep up with the task due to a series of specifications particularly designed to ensure the best results. What you first need to know is that it can handle 600,000 gallons of water over 5 years of operating and that its prefilter should be replaced every 6 to 9 months to make sure it will still be able to retain large sediment. An impressive feature is that the flow rate delivered reaches 10 gallons per minute so that your water pressure will not decrease after installing the unit. Speaking of pressure, the maximum limit is 80 PSI and you need to keep it in mind when installing the water filter or it will not last for too long. Also, you shouldn’t use the filter on hot water that exceeds 120 degrees F. The PSE1800 is powerful enough to handle up to 3 bathrooms and for more power, you can always try the PSE2000 water filter.
The list of advantages is very long and it includes very helpful aspects such as the 100% chlorine removal that makes it the most efficient unit out there. Also, it can fight chloramine, a dangerous compound found in water that is even more harmful than chlorine itself. Moreover, the combination of filter and pre-filter can combat bacteria, sediment, heavy metals like mercury and lead, pesticides and herbicides, industrial solvents, and chlorine-resistant germs and viruses.
Although it includes only one main filter cartridge, it features a 6-stage filtering process that involves a blend of high-grade activated carbon and the patented bacteriostatic copper-zinc oxidation media. This combo filter along with the sediment pre-filter ensure clean water for drinking and cooking. In order to solve the hard water problem, Pelican has designed the Nature Soft salt-free water softener that removes minerals from the water without the use of salt or chemicals. It’s guaranteed to reduce 99.6% scale from the pipes and appliances, thus maximizing their durability. This way, the water resulted is softer and more suitable for your skin and hair that are damaged by the harsh minerals and also for cleaning your house and the well-functioning of your appliances.
It is very energy efficient as it doesn’t require electricity to operate and it doesn’t waste water during the filtering process. For a complete cleaning, the manufacturer has added the Pelican UV max sterilization system that kills 99.9% of the bacteria, germs, and cysts found in well water and that are harder to remove. For worry-free operating and maximum satisfaction, the filter comes with a 90-day money back guarantee and an impressive lifetime warranty on all components.
Crystal Quest Eagle 4000
Our third choice when it comes to filtering well water is the Crystal Quest Eagle 4000 paired with an efficient softener and a UV sterilizer. This trio guarantees maximum efficiency in reducing water impurities and hardness. As for the cost of adding this improvement to your home, it starts at $2,950 for the filter and softener and continues with $529 for the 12 GPM UV filtration system.
In terms of design, this water filter is the embodiment of versatility due to the two finish choices that include stainless steel or fiberglass, both being equally effective and resistant to rust and wear. The softener tank is also available in two different sizes, 10” x54” or 12” x52”, which depend on the amount of resin contained but both are compact enough to be installed without making huge modifications to the pipes. The weight of the unit is not specified but according to the measurements, we can only assume it’s a lightweight filter.
Its versatility doesn’t stop at design and it continues with the option of choosing between a 750,000-gallon capacity or a 1,000,000-gallon capacity. As such, it is able to deliver a 9GPM or a 13 GPM water flow, depending on the size of the cartridge that you choose. The lifespan of the unit also depends on the capacity, so that you will enjoy a 5 to 7 years period for the smaller unit and a 7 to 10 years period for the bigger one. However, the installation specs are the same for both units, namely a maximum pressure of 90 PSI and a maximum temperature of 90 degrees F. What is not specified by the manufacturer is the amount of time that needs to pass until you must replace the pre-filter or the post filters. There are also two types of backwash available, manual or automatic, involving pushing water backward through the media as preventive maintenance.
Also, the complexity of the filtering process enhances the quality of this product. The filter tank contains a blend of substances which, along with the pre-filter and the post filters, create a 15-stage purification process designed to remove up to 99.99% of the chlorine and impurities in the well water. Water flows through the sediment pre-filter, then rushes to the second and third stages through a bed of calcium carbonate that alkalizes the water, thus improving its quality. Then, it’s off to the ionizer media for stages 4 and 5 and into a coconut shell granulated activated carbon that removes the bad odor and taste of the water. The next two stages include the Eagle Redox Alloy, an innovative type of media that uses electrochemical oxidation-reduction and adsorption to remove water contaminants. Stage 9 is an ion-exchange resin that removes heavy metals, stage 10 is a bed of gravel that improves the taste of the water, while stages 11 and 2 involve two magnets that increase the magnetic field to increase water solubility. Stage 13 represents the Eaglesorb Anti-scale media tank, a patented media that treats hard water without adding salt. In stage 14, the water passes through a solid carbon filter cartridge that retains solvents and VOCs and finally, in stage 15, the water goes through the ultrafiltration membrane that kills bacteria and germs.
Eventually, the filtration system involves the UltraViolet sterilizer and the 3-stage water softener, two reliable units that complete the cleaning process by lowering water hardness and killing chlorine-resistant bacteria. The entire system is covered by a 7-year warranty that protects it against workmanship malfunctions. Unfortunately, the manufacturer doesn’t grant a money-back warranty for the filter so you must weigh your options very well before paying for this product.
The Dangers Lurking in Well
It’s commonly known that tap water is filled with contaminants but what about well water that naturally comes from the groundwater? Few people are aware of the dangers that lurk in the water coming from the wells and even fewer take action in eliminating these dangers. In case you never thought about filtering your water, keep reading to discover the impurities you are at risk of ingesting when you drink the water.
Bacteria and cysts
One of the main concerns is the bacterial contamination that can occur for various reasons, especially if the well is located near a septic system or a sewer. E.Coli is the most popular bacteria found in the water that can cause severe kidney damage.
You are not safe from lead and mercury even if your water supply is a well and not a municipal pipe. These harmful metals can also be found in wells and they are highly dangerous to the nervous system. However, the main threat is arsenic that can lead to fatal cardiovascular issues and cancer.
Nitrites and nitrates
These two substances are very dangerous to small children in particular, but everyone is at risk when drinking water contaminated with nitrites and nitrates. They can also come from sewers and septic systems located near the well but can also originate from pesticides and agricultural residues. Also, if the soil is rich in nitrate, there are more chances of getting it in your water.
More often than not, the water you take from the well is rich in minerals and that is not always a good thing. Minerals like calcium make it very hard while sodium can be dangerous for your teeth. High levels of minerals affect the water quality and your health as well.
Volatile organic compounds
In case you are not familiar with the name, learn that we are referring to industrial chemicals that can be found in water and that seriously threaten your health. Solvents, pharmaceutical residues, and other contaminants often reach into the soil and into the groundwater, thus affecting the water quality.
Many gasses are found in the well water and although you might think that you can detect all by the smell, you are wrong. While sulfur, for example, is easy to spot due to the rotten egg smell, radon is a dangerous gas that is tasteless, colorless, and odorless. When you get water with radon into your house, it is eliminated into the air and reaches into your lungs even if you don’t drink the water.
Buying Guide for Finding Your Filter
The efficiency of a well water filtration system highly depends on its features and functions and since not all of them are equally effective, it’s best to know which are the models that provide the best results. For you to rely on the best whole house water filter for well water, here is a quick and useful buying guide.
It should have a wide array of contaminants removed
First of all, you need to read the product’s specs and see how many impurities it can remove. The wider the array, the more effective it will turn out to be and the more protected you will be. Our top products can remove a wide range of pollutants that alter the taste, odor, and color of the water so that you can see and feel for yourself that the water has been thoroughly cleaned. Heavy metals like lead and mercury, sediments, nitrates, and other stuff should be completely removed by the filter you choose.
The water softener is a great addition
For the well water to be highly filtered, a softener is in demand to remove the hard minerals that exist in the soil and reach into the water. If your house is supplied with well water, you will notice more limescale buildup and more residues in the glass because the water has a high concentration of minerals. Although some of them are good for your health, others are harmful, such as sodium and barium, and the filter will know which one to trigger.
Make sure you check for a UV light
Unfortunately, there are far more bacteria and germs in well water than in tap water so a UV light feature is almost mandatory. Given the proximity to the soil and all the residues that get in it, there are high chances of contamination with dangerous bacteria from animals, herbicides, agricultural treatments, and feces. Therefore, having a water filter with a UV light increases its efficiency and enables it to remove the disease-causing bacteria and germs.
Check the chlorine reduction
Not coming from the municipality doesn’t mean that well water doesn’t contain chlorine and that your water filter shouldn’t have a chlorine removal cartridge as well. Given that these are whole house water filters, they can remove up to 99% of the chlorine in the water, thus improving its taste and odor.
Common Mistakes in Choosing a Water Treatment System
Most of the times, people choose a filter for their well without knowing the basics of this system and without doing enough research prior to purchasing. Thus, they often pick the wrong type because they are not sure which one is the best for their well. In order to avoid making a bad purchase, you need to know more about the mistakes you should never make.
Not analyzing well water chemistry
Tap water and well water differ in chemistry meaning they don’t contain the same substances so a filter for tap water is likely to fail in working with well water. Therefore, it’s crucial that you know what your water contains before installing a filter because if it’s not designed to remove that particular component, like iron, it could be severely damaged. You will have to test the water for metals like lead, iron, and manganese, for calcium, pH, alkalinity, and turbidity.
Not knowing how the system works
Every well water system uses a pump that can be positioned in depth or closer to the surface of the ground. Also, some have a tank that holds a larger amount of water before sending it to every water source in your house while others use the force of gravity to push the water. Since there are so many things that differentiate them, you must know how your water system works before installing a filter on it.
Not verifying the water pressure and flow rate
Before choosing a treatment system, you need to find out the flow rate of your well in gallons per minute because many systems require a specific flow rate and not reaching it could result in a faulty operation. The pressure is also important because the system itself will minimize the pressure. If it gets too low, the water might not be able to reach to all your faucets.
Not reading the filter’s specifications
When analyzing well water filters, you have to check its technical specification to see if it matches your flow rate and pressure and you need to see what pollutants it removes. Only then, you will be able to pick the one that will do the best job at your house.
Frequently Asked Questions
1. What is the difference between a regular systems and a well water specialized system?
Traditional whole house systems are highly efficient and they work very well in removing dangerous pollutants. However, well water contains other impurities that cannot be targeted and removed by a mainstream filter, so a combination of systems is in demand. Thus, the systems designed specifically for well water include all the necessary stages for removing all unwanted pollutants.
2. What happens when the filter reaches its maximum filtering capacity?
That is the moment when you need to replace the filter cartridges. Otherwise, the unit will no longer be able to work properly and the filtering results will be less visible. Every filter has a certain lifespan which guarantees optimal performance and when that lifespan is reaching its end, the performance begins to significantly drop.
3. What does the flow rate specification stand for?
The flow rate is a crucial specification to look into as it indicates whether or not the system will restrict water flow. If not chosen properly, the water coming out of the faucet will be reduced or you will end up scalded when taking a shower while someone else uses the faucet in the kitchen, for example. The ideal flow rate for a whole house unit generally ranges from 7 to 15 GPM. To figure out exactly what flow rate you require the system to deliver, call in a local professional plumbing contractor to calculate it.
4. Where should I install it given that the system is designed for well water?
Being a whole house model, it goes on the pipe that enters your house, the one that supplies it with water. The need for professional assistance from a plumber could come in question, especially if you do not have prior experience with this type of procedure.
5. How does the presence of sterilizing technology impact the system’s performance?
Sterilizing technology ensures higher-quality water for your personal consumption and use as it aids in the destruction of microorganisms like germs, viruses, and bacteria. As these health threats are removed from the water you use, complete safety for you and the other members of the household is entrenched.